Obtaining an enforceable title for uncontested monetary claims: parallels between Macedonian and Spanish Law

Tatjana Zoroska Kamilovska, Milka Rakočević

Resumo


One of the rather challenging tasks for many policymakers in Europe over the last decades regarding the reforms of the judicial system has been the establishment of efficient procedural instruments for recovery of claims, particularly the uncontested ones. Due to the fact that considerable part of initiated court proceedings in many European countries are not those over a dispute of fact or law, but those where the creditor must address the court in order to obtain an enforceable title against the debtor due to his unwillingness or inability to pay, the need for existence of a quality system of certification of uncontested claims is more than obvious. The existence of such a system is essential for the proper functioning of the judicial system as a whole for several reasons. It provides for an early stage distinction between actual (truly contentious) and “unreal” (where no real legal dispute exists) disputes in the proceedings which allows the latter to proceed on a separate, fast-track procedure. It produces more rational use of the scarce resources allocated to the courts. The courts are concentrated on “real” dispute adjudication within a reasonable time, while the settlement of “unreal” disputes is modified to the needs of their efficient resolution. A procedural legislation that ensures efficient and speedy adjudication of uncontested claims is also a deciding factor in the prevention of huge backlogs in the courts.

 


Palavras-chave


Monetary claims, Macedonia, Spain

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Referências


Bratković, Certificiranje nespornih tražbina u domaćem i poredbenom pravu [Certification of Uncontested Claims in National and Comparative Law], Zbornik Aktuelnosti građanskog procesnog prava – nacionalna i uporedna pravnoteorijska i praktična dostignuća, Split, 2015.

Consejo General del Poder Judicial, “La Justicia dato a dato”, Madrid, 2016.

Galič, Izdavanje platnog naloga i arbitraža [Issuing of a Payment Order and Arbitration], Pravo u gospodarstvu, Vol. 51, br. 6, 2012.

Green Paper on a European Order for Payment Procedure and on Measures to Simplify and Speed up Small Claims Litigation COM(2002) 746.

Јаневски, Т. Зороска Камиловска, Граѓанско процесно право, книга прва, парнично право [Civil Procedural Law, First Book, Civil Litigation Procedure], Скопје, 2012.

Triva, M. Dika, Građansko parnično procesno pravo [Civil Litigation Procedural Law], Zagreb, 2004.

World Bank, Towards Effective Enforcement of Uncontested Monetary Claims: Lessons from Eastern and Central Europe, June 2017.


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